11 edition of Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology (Science Encyclopedia) found in the catalog.
Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology (Science Encyclopedia)
August 31, 2008 by Facts on File .
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||544|
At the most basic level, computer hardware is controlled through machine language, consisting of numbers mainly zeros and ones. Computer engineers and programmers have often exchanged their ideas openly, out of scientific duty. Magnetic tapes and disks have also improved greatly over the years and can now store much more information than they could in the past. Also, in the early days of computing, a number of terms for the practitioners of the field of computing were suggested in the Communications of the ACM—turingineer, turologist, flow-charts-man, applied meta-mathematician, and applied epistemologist. Information has become an essential commodity and, some would argue, a necessary social good. Computer science draws some of its foundations from mathematics and engineering and therefore incorporates techniques from areas such as queueing theory, probability and statisticsand electronic circuit design.
It is difficult to buy an item in the supermarket or to borrow a book from a library without that item having a barcode label on it. A program or "process" manipulates the data and then outputs it to a screen, printer, disk, or communications line. By the s, with integrated circuits, a new generation of minicomputers was born. Users submitted lists of subjects or phrases on coding forms.
Without the transistor and the integrated circuitcomputers would still fill large rooms. This is a must-have for consultations by computing professionals who need a refresher in network theory or algorithmic analysis. However, the same technologies can be used to produce smart weapons. This classification system is the most comprehensive and is considered the de facto ontological framework for the computing field. Information retrieval theory and informetrics are two fields that study the implications.
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Once personal computers were available, the demand for special software packages or Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology book increased. The mainframe machines of the time occupied entire rooms, and only large institutions could afford them.
Through computing and telecommunications, a news story breaking in Asia can be sent within seconds to North Americaalong with Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology book pictures. The result was the World Wide Web. While the promise is bright, the Internet presents many challenges for information scientists.
Without the transistor and the integrated circuitcomputers would still fill large rooms. Because of this, several alternative names have been proposed. However, the same technologies can be used to produce smart weapons. It has helped me to gain insights into areas that I am foggy in and also expanded my knowledge of areas in which I hold some expertise.
Word-processing software and more sophisticated desktop publishing programs allow authors to create and revise documents easily and to check them for spelling, grammar, and readability. Each article ends with an often impressive bibliography of sources referenced and a selected list of additional readings, as well as a brief glossary of terms.
People who use computers for destructive purposes are more properly called "crackers. Scattered around the world, domain name servers DNSs provide large telephone-directory style lists, which map the names to the numbers.
Metadata tags are similar to subject, author, and title entries in a library catalog, and can be written at the top of a web document. However, they also include computational science the use of algorithmic techniques for modeling scientific datagraphics and visualization, human-computer interaction, databases and information systems, networks, and the social and professional issues that are unique to the practice of computer science.
The Turing test suggests that if a person cannot tell the difference between responses from a computer and responses from a human, then the computer must be considered to be "intelligent.
However, mainframe computers such as the IBM were still huge by modern standards, and only universities, government agencies, or large companies could afford them. By building microprocessors into cars, aircraft, and even household devices such as microwave ovens, designers have produced a raft of "smart" devices.
On the breadth dimension, a continuum from the two extreme ends can be visualized as Technology and business, while the middle concentrates on data an information topics and applications, such as data science, education, and applications. Such tasks include moving, seeing, hearing, speaking, understanding natural language, thinking, and even exhibiting human emotions.
Closely related to this field is the design and analysis of systems that interact directly with users who are carrying out various computational tasks. Shared files remain on large computers called "file servers," so several users can access them at once. The earliest digital computers were designed to store and manipulate the numbers and letters of the alphabet that were found on typewriter keyboards.
While some radio and television networks simultaneously broadcast and webcast their programming, perhaps the most powerful potential will be found in ever-growing digital archives. Will ubiquitous computers have positive or negative effects on society?
GUI design, which was pioneered by Xerox and was later picked up by Apple Macintosh and finally by Microsoft Windowsis important because it constitutes what people see and do when they interact with a computing device. Collectively, everything other than the CPU, including memory boards, disks, printers, keyboards, mice, and screens can be thought of as peripheral devices, or just "peripherals.
While URLs provide a way of locating individual documents anywhere on the network, the web is always in flux, and URLs are quite "volatile" or apt to change from day to day or Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology book from minute to minute. Navy's Mark II computer by removing a moth from its circuitry.
It is difficult to buy an item in the supermarket or to borrow a book from a library without that item having a barcode label on it. Modern computers almost always use some type of GUI."This comprehensive reference work provides immediate, fingertip access to state-of-the-art technology in nearly self-contained articles written by over international authorities.
Each article in the Encyclopedia features current developments and trends in computers, software, vendors, and applications extensive bibliographies of leading figures in the field, such as Samuel Alexander. With breadth and depth of coverage, the Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology, Second Edition has a multi-disciplinary scope, drawing together comprehensive coverage of the inter-related aspects of computer science and technology.
The topics. Get this from a library! Encyclopedia of computer science and technology. [Harry Henderson] -- "Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology bridges the gap between scanty "computer glossaries" with brief definitions and dense multivolume compendiums geared to .Mar 15, · Pdf Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering includes pdf A to Z articles addressing the latest advances and findings in computer science and engineering, in addition to important topics of interest to computer scientists and engineers, including standards, electronic commerce, financial engineering, and computer education.
Each article is written by an expert in his .Aug 02, · Stunning computer-generated images pack the pages of this encyclopedia to reveal and explain spectacular aspects of the scientific world.
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